The army for Polybian Romans (II/33) in DBA represents the Republican Roman army from 275BC-105BC. It should include, not only Roman infantry but other Italian infantry as well. The list, as it stands, is not very representative of a Republican Roman Army whether it existed in the Pyrrhic Wars, the Punic Wars or the Macedonian Wars. According to Polybius, the Romans formed their armies in 4 legions, 2 Roman and 2 Allied. 1 army was led by a Consul or Proconsul. In theory, at any time, their could be 4 consular armies in the field for a total of about 80,000 men. Each Legion composed of Velites, Hastati, Princepes and Triari. The first three lines were each of 1200 men and the last of only 600 men. This left a total of about 4200 infantry. To this were added about 300 cavalry. In looking at the list, we have the following units.
6XBd, 2XSp, 2XPs 2XCv (1 general).
Proportionately, this does not work out well. Part of the problem is, the Romans are creatures of habit. They deployed the same way every time they fought. The other part of the problem is that the list does not account for various other allies. In Africa, they would have Numidians. In Greece, they would have the Aetolian League. Even in Italy, they would have Celts and other allied infantry that were not accustomed to the Roman ways.
So to work out this issue, first lets look at how the Roman part of the army should look.
4XBd Hastati and Princepes 1XSp Triari 2XPs Velites 1XCv Roman/Italian Cavalry
That’s 8 units leaving us with 4 units to form allied contingents for the army.
- In Sicily during the first Punic War, Rome could have Syracusian Allies. 3XSp 1XPs
- In Africa we have Numidian allies 2XLH 1XPs 1X(Hd or Ax). This would be Masinissa’s hastily raised army for Zama or his army during the 3rd Punic War.
- In Greece we have the Aetolian league for allies 2XPk 1X(Ps or El) 1XCv.
- In Italy, not only are their loyal Italian subjects but there are newly conquered city states whose loyalty is questionable. There are also the Celts from the North. This list could also be used for Rome in Spain. Here we could have 2X(Ax or Wb) 1X(Cv or Lh) 1X(Ps or Ax).
- Finally, I should also include an army for the middle east. These would be Pergamenid with 2XAx 1XCv and 1XEl.
Using any of these options will not only bring the Polybian Roman list a little closer to its historical counterpart but it will also make the list a little more interesting.